Leonid Zhmud, The Origin of the History of Science in Classical Antiquity
Walter de Gruyter | ISBN 3110179660 | 2006 | PDF | 1 MB | 345 pages
Despite all the individual and typical features of the historico-scientific works of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, they can be usefully regarded as in many ways a single tradition that paved the way for the modern historiography of science. The influence of classical patterns on the formation of Arabic and, later, European historiography of science is a subject of special studies. For our purposes, suffice it to state that the search for the beginnings of the historiography of science leads much further back than the Renaissance epoch.
Even the texts of the compilers and commentators of late Antiquity that served for centuries as the main sources on the history of ancient science are but an intermediary instance. Five hundred years of studies in Greek science have not passed in vain. The historians of science have long been aware that the pioneer research in the history of knowledge was initiated by Aristotle and carried out by his pupils. It is from them, or, more precisely, from their sources that the study of the origin of the history of science should take its start.
Basic Training in Mathematics: A Fitness Program for Science Students
Springer; 1 edition | ISBN: 0306450356 | 388 pages | June 30, 1995 | djvu | 4 Mb
Entering a program in the physical sciences?
A high school student who has taken most of the offered courses, and looking for a glimpse of college mathematics?
Engaged in self-study to hone your mathematical skills?
Then R. Shankar’s Basic Training in Mathematics: A Fitness Program for Science Students is written for you. Based on the author’s course at Yale University, the book addresses the widening gap found by Professor Shankar and his colleagues between the mathematics needed for upper-level science study and the knowledge possessed by incoming students.
This superb text organizes the necessary mathematics background into a one-semester course covering such topics as:
- A review of calculus
- Infinite series
- Functions of a complex variable
- Vector calculus
- Linear vector spaces
- Differential equations
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Richard J. Davidson, Klaus R. Scherer, H. Hill Goldsmith , “Handbook of Affective Sciences”
Oxford University Press, USA; 1st edition (November 23, 2002) | ISBN:0195126017 | 1230 pages | CHM | 17,1 Mb
This volume is a comprehensive roadmap to the burgeoning area of affective sciences, which now spans several disciplines. The Handbook brings together, for the first time, the various strands of inquiry and latest research in the scientific study of the relationship between the mechanisms of the brain and the psychology of mind. In recent years, scientists have made considerable advances in understanding how brain processes shape emotions and are changed by human emotion. Drawing on a wide range of neuroimaging techniques, neuropsychological assessment, and clinical research, scientists are beginning to understand the biological mechanisms for emotions. As a result, researchers are gaining insight into such compelling questions as: How do people experience life emotionally? Why do people respond so differently to the same experiences? What can the face tell us about internal states? How does emotion in significant social relationships influence health? Are there basic emotions common to all humans? This volume brings together the most eminent scholars in the field to present, in sixty original chapters, the latest research and theories in the field. The book is divided into ten sections: Neuroscience; Autonomic Psychophysiology; Genetics and Development; Expression; Components of Emotion; Personality; Emotion and Social Processes; Adaptation, Culture, and Evolution; Emotion and Psychopathology; and Emotion and Health. This major new volume will be an invaluable resource for researchers that will define affective sciences for the next decade.